“By suprematism I mean the supremacy of pure feeling in creative art.”
~ Kazimir Malevich.
Kasimir Malevich (1879-1935), Russian painter and theorist, founder of Suprematism. Born and trained near Kiev, he settled in Moscow in 1905.His painting style thereafter reflects the influence of a succession of European movements, from impressionism and Post-Impressionism, through a primitivist celebration of peasant life – due largely to his association with Cubism and Futurism. By 1915 he had produced his first purely abstract geometric compositions, which he labeled Suprematism.
In late 1919 he joined the staff of the Vitebsk Public Art School, from which Chagall was to be ousted by Malevich’s followers. In the late 1920-th, out of the favor with the Soviet authorities, but with an international reputation as a pioneering abstract artist, he returned to figurative painting.
Some of Malevich best-known paintings are:
- Suprematist Composition: White on White, 1918, The Museum of Modern Art.
- “Taking in the Rye” (also known as “Taking in the Harvest”), oil on canvas. Courtesy of the Stedelijk Museum, Netherlands.
- Suprematism, 1921-1927.
- Heumacher,1930, State Galerie Tretyakow gallery.
- Cow and Fiddle, 1913, Russian Museum.
- Englishman in Moscow, 1914, Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, Netherlands.